Allergic dermatitis

Allergic dermatitis is a disease of the epidermis characterized by inflammation of the skin due to contact with external irritants (allergens). The disease is not infectious and therefore cannot be transmitted from person to person. Some doctors solve the problem with this drug:

Dermatitis is the most common skin pathology occurring in people regardless of gender and age. According to statistics, every fifth person at least once has experienced unpleasant manifestations of allergic dermatitis. In some cases, the disease becomes a serious cosmetic and medical problem due to large areas of skin damage and unpleasant symptoms – itching, burning, cracked skin, etc.

There are two main factors that provoke the development of the disease: ingestion of an allergen in a person’s bloodstream or contact with an external irritant. Accordingly, doctors distinguish several forms of dermatitis, with their inherent symptoms and causes of occurrence – atopic, seborrheic, contact.

The severity of the clinical picture of the disease depends directly on the form of dermatitis, the cause of its appearance, as well as how often and how close a person comes into contact with allergens.

When in contact with an unfavorable factor, skin inflammation occurs in the place where there was contact with the irritant. If allergens spread through the blood, dermatitis can occur on any part of a person’s skin.

Symptoms of the disease, according to the type of allergic dermatitis:

In atopic dermatitis:

Rash on the skin of red color, localized in the area of skin folds, face (especially on the cheeks), neck;
Crusts forming when the inflammation damages;
dry skin;
skin itching.

Atopic dermatitis is characterized by frequent relapses – symptoms may periodically disappear and reappear. Also noted is the varying intensity of itching – it can be pronounced or, on the contrary, become almost imperceptible.

In contact dermatitis:

The rash on a particular area of skin in contact with an external irritant;
The appearance of small blisters on the skin;
general malaise.

A distinctive feature of contact dermatitis is the delayed onset of symptoms. The disease does not occur immediately after contact with the allergen, but much later. This complicates the diagnosis of the pathology and the identification of direct external irritants.

In seborrheic dermatitis:

Scaly spots localized on those areas of the scalp and trunk where there are a large number of sebaceous glands;
Scalp flaking;
Areas of focal redness of the skin;
Increased sebum discharge.

In some cases of seborrheic dermatitis, hair loss is noted. This occurs due to blockage of hair follicles, preventing their normal nutrition.

If left untreated, the dermatitis can become infected, which can lead to skin ulceration, necrosis, general malaise, and a rise in body temperature.